Announcement: FINAL EXAMINATION

1. Please read all chapters that we have studied
2. Open book, but no internet search, dictionary or cellphone
3. There are 2 essays and 25 multiple choice questions in 90′

You should start reading from now, don’t wait until the day before exam, it will be too late.

THREE INTERESTING CUSTOMS IN VIETNAM

In Vietnam, we have a lot of customs which have remained from generation to generation. Among these custom, there are three important things: buying yellow chrysanthemums in the Lunar New Year, tao mo and cung gio.Tao  mo is the custom that all family members visit their ancestor’graves on the last day of every lunar year. Then they clean and decorate the graves as carefully as people do for their house. People do this regularly because people want their ancestors to be able to welcome the New Year. Cung gio is the anniversary of ancestors’death. During that day, descendants and relatives gather in order to prepare a feast to worship the dead person. This is the good occasion for descendants and relatives to express their gratitude to their ancestors. Vietnamese believe that the soul of dead people can have an effect on their life. Whether they can receive luck or not, which depends on the way express their gratitude to their ancestors. Therefore , tao mo and cung gio are very important for Vietnamese every year.                      

Every year in the Lunar New Year, Vietnamese people enjoy the pleasure of showcasing colorful flowers. Yellow chrysanthemums show a distinctive beauty in both color and fragrance.The vivid yellow and gentle fragrance drives many families to decorate their house with chrysanthesum, which they arrange in vases or have in pots at the front door to welcome the new year. The chrysanthemum is also symbolic of a composed and unpretentious lifestyle. It is favored on Tet holidays to wish for a harmonious and happy family. The bright yellow of clusters of chrysanthemums represents confidence and hope for a new year. A chrysanthemum vase put in the house seems to bring a cozy feeling to the family.

Vuong Thi Van Anh

THREE INTERESTING CUSTOMS IN VIETNAM

In Vietnam, we have a lot of customs which have remained from generation to

generation. Among these custom, there are three important things: buying yellow chrysanthemums in the Lunar New Year, tao mo and cung gio.

Tao  mo is the custom that all family members visit their ancestor’graves on the

last day of every lunar year. Then they clean and decorate the graves as carefully as

people do for their house. People do this regularly because people want their ancestors to

be able to welcome the New Year.

Cung gio is the anniversary of ancestors’death. During that day, descendants

and relatives gather in order to prepare a feast to worship the dead person. This is the

good occasion for descendants and relatives to express their gratitude to their ancestors.

Vietnamese believe that the soul of dead people can have an effect on their life. Whether

they can receive luck or not, which depends on the way express their gratitude to their

ancestors. Therefore , tao mo and cung gio are very important for Vietnamese every

year.                      

Every year in the Lunar New Year, Vietnamese people enjoy the pleasure of showcasing colorful flowers. Yellow chrysanthemums show a distinctive beauty in both color and fragrance.The vivid yellow and gentle fragrance drives many families to decorate their house with chrysanthesum, which they arrange in vases or have in pots at the front door to welcome the new year. The chrysanthemum is also symbolic of a composed and unpretentious lifestyle. It is favored on Tet holidays to wish for a harmonious and happy family. The bright yellow of clusters of chrysanthemums represents confidence and hope for a new year. A chrysanthemum vase put in the house seems to bring a cozy feeling to the family.

Birth-Rate in Vietnam

The more country develops, the more inportant rising birth-rate becomes. Nowadays, Vietnam is one of the nations has high birth-rate and crowded population all over the world.According to the statistics in 2008, it shows that currently Vietnam has 86.5 million people, ranking 13th in the world and the density of 227 persons per square kilometre. The government has many efforts to reduce the birth-rate by many policies. But are they really effective? Moreover, how does this population boom affact to our country such as standard of living, education, unemployment…? These questions are anwsered in this our report. In addition, our group will give you some solutions to restrict this fact and its effects.

To understand this report obviously, we restate the definition of birth-rate: The ratio of total live births to total population in a specified community or area over a specified period of time. The birthrate is often expressed as the number of live births per 1,000 of the population per year.The General Department of Population reports that by October 2008, approximately 95,000 third babies were born in 43 provinces and cities and the figure is estimated to rise to 142,000 by the year’s end. This means the number of the third child increased by 13.8 percent against in 2007.By April 1, 2009, Vietnam had 85.789 million people, of which 49.5 percent were men and 50.5 percent women. Vietnam is the third most-populated country in Southeast Asia and 13th in the world, announced the General Statistics Office’s chief Nguyen Duc Hoa on August 13. According to the General Statistics Department, in the last ten years (1999-2009), Vietnam’s population increased by 9.47 million, at an annual population growth rate of 1.2 percent, compared to 1.7 percent in the 1989-1999 period.

This is the data of bith rate in Vietnam from 2003 to 2008. (Source: CIA World Factbook – December 18, 2008).

This birth-rate reflects the population in Vietnam which is indicated in the below table:

The table shows that the population in Vietnam has continuously increased over years, but the ratio of increasing population decreased.

Why does the birth-rate in Vietnam increase again? There are some reasons can explain for that fact. The Vietnamese government has issued policies to restrict bith-rate such as “one or two children” policy in 17/1/1997. And in reallity, these policies help our country reduce the birth-rate considerablely. From the avarage of birth-rate is 2,7% in the years before 1997, it was decreased into 1,6% in period 1997-2002 before increasing again in 2003. Although we got some achievements in deducing birth-rate, the population is still high. So, what are the reasons of this problem?  In my opinion, there are 3 basic reasons we can easily see.

First, as you know, the economy of Vietnam bases on the agriculture, so it involves a big labour force. Moreover, our country has more than 50% labour force operate in this field and most of them want to have many children to improve the productivity in producing agriculture. Because of their wrong thinking, it makes the population enhance.

Second, because of fogyish custom, most of couple in Vietnam likes a boy rather than a girl. The popular case is that many couples had two or three daughters (even more than), but they still try to seek a son. Another situation of fogyish custom is that Vietnamese believe that if they born in a good year (depend on their belief), their baby and family will be luckier and happier. For instance, the “race” was born in the “golden pig” (2006) has started on the destination. According to Mr. Nguyen Viet Tien – Director of Production Hospital Women Surgeons, 10 years of hospital indicators than in the previous year are increased by 15-20%. For example, in 2000 with about 10,000 live births in the hospital and 2006 this number had reached 18,000 live births in 2007 and is expected to grow to more than 20,000 live births. Hospitals have seen before because of the overload from late 2006 to examine pregnant women has increased suddenly and far too serious load of women to birth children. While conditions facilities, equipment, human resources without improving but there are too many live births that is the mean hospital try to have to bear the burden overwhelmed.

Finally, sex education in our country is not popular enough. Because of lacking education, they don’t know the disadvantages of having many children such as reducing conditions in studying, worse standard of living …  Besides, the trend of pregnancies and abortions is a symptom of teenagers’ ignorance of sexual matters. ”Sexual health care among adolescents today is not a cause for great optimism,” said Pham Song, chair man of the Vietnam Family Planning Association.

Coming back the question “why did the birth-rate increase again in 2003?”. There are many disputations about this problem. Most policticians supposed that art 1, provision 10 in Family Planning Law says that “Each couples, inviduals has the right to dicide the number of baby…” make citizen misunderstand. This article means that the husband and the wife have equal right to decide the number of baby (not depend on the husband). But people understand in a wrong way that they can decide the number of baby. So, that fact is considered as a big reason makes birth-rate go up again in 2003.

Because of high birth-rate in Vietnam, in my opinion, I suggest some solutions to solve that problem. First, we need to improve the population policy to make it fit the present situation such as applying high penalties to punish families, individuals break the law. For example: We must clearly define that each family just only have one or two children. But if their child died in war, they could have the third child. If a civil servant has the third child, they will be cut off all reward and lose some interest. Second, we need to improve citizen’s awareness about sex from the small age such as: teaching sex education in high school because teen pregnancy is one reason that makes the birthrate goes high. If teenagers have a good educate about sex, this problem absolutely can be solved.

In addition, we should show them the disadvantage of having too much children:

* The first disadvantage is financial problem. Too much children mean less money for take care their children. Children cannot go to school. So children future will not ensure.

* The second disadvantage is social problem.

The rise of social evils like: stealing, rape, drug…

High population is a reason of starvation.

Accommodation is one of the tough problems.

Health care is not ensuring. Our country is not have enough doctor

The birthrate must fit with rate of industry grow. We need to transfer from agriculture to industry gradually. Modernize agriculture is one step can’t be pass to decrease labour and increase productivity.

References:

http://baovietnam.wordpress.com/tag/over/

http://english.vovnews.vn/Home/Population-boom–a-great-challenge-to-Vietnam/200812/100605.vov

http://ipsnews.net/interna.asp?idnews=14688

http://journal.pone.0004624.htm

http://www.gso.gov.vn/

http://www.census.gov

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Student’s name : Hoàng Anh Quang

Student’s ID       : BA070125

Class                      : BA07IU5

Email                     : the_enino317@yahoo.com.vn

SOCIAL NETWORKING

Recent research shows that the impact of the social networking is more strongly than we could imagine. It has changed the way we speak, the way we interact and the way we think. Although there are many benefits to social networking online, it also include dangers that you should aware to protect yourself.

This is not the first time you heard the word” Social networking”, but perhaps you are not quite sure what it means. Social networking is web-based service, with a large community. Although social networking is possible in person, especially in the workplace, universities, and high schools, it is most popular online with websites. In these sites, people can create an account after accept some conditions from the web service. By using the account, the users can access to their website and use the website as their own places to share common interest in hobbies, culture, knowledge and make new friends. From the idea that people want to make the connection with their friends by using the Internet, in 1995, an earlt Social Network was borned, Classmates. This was created to connect the students in school, or class, so the early users of this site ware only the students or teenagers. In 1997, “SixDegree.com” was released. The users of this sites can edit their profile, send a message and be friends with strange people from the site. Lately, many Social Networks have developed and released,  Cyworld (2001), Friendster (2002), Skyblog (2002). Myspace, Orkut, Yahoo 360, and Facebook were the popular Networking Sites until now. Myspace and Facebook have more than 300 million of users nowadays (from the nytimes.com)

Social Networking is a good connection that help connect people together. In fact, it  affects every individual in our social. People use Social Networks with different ways, someone want to use for keeping in touch with their friends, other one use the sites for studying,finding the information, or maybe use it to find friends from the Internet. Whatever they use Social Networking in their own way, it will affects to themselves, especially, cultures, living style, and their thinking.

Social networking have changed the traditional friend relationship. Today when we make new friends, we are more likely to ask “What is your Facebook?” or “Do you have a blog?” instead of  asking to know the phone number. Living in a modern life, everybody is very busy with their jobs. Time is a problem to them, so they use social network to keep in touch with their friends and family. The structure of Networking sites allow users can make new friends, and update information from their friends whenever they get some news such as entries, status, and so on.

People who are the users of Social Networks can study much from their own sites. Social Networking can educate the teenagers.  They use social networks to share their feeling, knowledge and their friend will read it and evaluate it. The interesting thing about these sites is that you can develop an online friendship with some one in other country around the world. Not only will you make new friends, but you just might learn a thing or two about new cultures or new languages and learning is always a good thing

People living in extreme corners of the world are seen to be getting married, friends from far-off places are able to keep in touch with each other and lovers from two parts of the world stay connected with each other’s emotional needs. These help us make new friends, stay in touch with the old ones and let us know more about the persons we care

Data theft and viruses is some dangers asociated with the social network. Moreover, teenagers are really the problems for using Social Networking; some bad people can use social noetwork for their bad behavior. Flirting with strangers online could have serious consequences. Because some people lie about who they really are, you never really know who you’re dealing with. Therefore, be wary if a new online friends want to meet you in person. Meet in the public place if you are decided to accept the invitation

Myspace and Facebook have become be very popular with young users; and now, those Networking Sites are continuing to develop, they get much users than any other social sites got before.These sites are trying to find the best way to make their websites easily to use and safely. By developing the applications for the Social Networks, we will protect the user from predators or criminals. The software can determine whether the users are criminals or not by scan their entries, and analyze all the information of the users that they are doubt.

Social networking sites actually appears to reduce loneliness and improve well-being. As for social networking sites being a poor alternative to real-world socializing, surveys reported at a conference in 2006 indicate that Facebook users mostly use it to maintain relationships with people they meet offline.
Social networks are now developing very steady, the users of Social networks are up to millions, and it will get up more. So we need to develop Social network in the positive way.

BAIU08178- Tran Do Yen Nhi

Charity

The term charity has become so familiar with us; we often hear someone, some non-profit organization or some government agency asking us to do charity to helping other people who have a miserable circumstance. We do charity because we sympathize; somehow we want to share their burden as much as we can, some case do charity just for advertisement, just for fun, or just to avoiding a bad image of stingy people. However, we should note that everything has two sides, charity has no exception.

We must admit that no matter how much the society has developed, whenever or wherever, there was always have a gap between the rich and poor people. So, when the gap too large, the disaster occurs, or something that make the life of someone become so hard, so difficult to overcome, a charity happened. Ironically, people who need charity take a majority population. Indeed, a charity is necessary, it somehow helps maintain the balance of dividing resources among people, it help miserable people to overcome those hard time, move on to live, to believe that they aren’t alone anymore.

On the other hand, some may take advantage of charity; they may use this term to benefit themselves instead of the poor people. It makes a charity people no longer believe in the effectiveness of any charity program and the suffering people who really need charity feel insult, being hurt by those selfish action. Gradually, the term charity has lost it pure benevolence purpose from the beginning.

Often, we just couldn’t help but we buying the things that we don’t need, we offer our blood, give money to those charity programs or any case we encounter everyday with the thoughts that somehow it may helping others people, and we think we had did the right thing. However, have we ever know or just think that what would those miserable people think about our action? Does it come from a benevolence purpose or something else? Did they feel happy or they feel their self-respectful has being hurt, feel more pitiful? Did those action has effect, to help them overcome hard time, and continue live on by their own, or they continue to depend on those charity program?

One more thing, many people may disagree with me, in my opinion, life is nothing but a real game. A game, has its own rule, has its own challenge for those who playing it. A problem, difficult time we encounter everyday is just a part of life game, to finish it, we must go on steps by steps, from easy to hard, based on our ability, and a problem will show off to challenge us. A charity, in a view of gamer, is nothing but a cheating. It just happened to help them get through those difficult challenges and give them nothing else to learn. Someday, these challenge may occurs again and again to make sure that the gamer has finish it themselves.

In general, everything has advantage and disadvantage, nothing perfect, charity is no exception. Even though it brings the contemporary benefit for those people who get in a tough time, the problem still there, it just gives them a fish, not teach them how to fish properly.

Name: Nguyễn Ngọc Thạch

ID: BAUN08072

OMEGLE

Omegle (http://omegle.com) is a kind of web that allows you to chat with another person whom you know nothing about him or her, in other word, a stranger, just like its slogan: Talk to strangers!

Now you must have wondered what a web like this can do for you. The answer is very simple. It was made with only one purpose, or two, or three, whatever, not that I care, to make use of the conversations between people through out the world to relieve the stress that they have built up for a long time because of their jobs, their school or whatever happened in their daily life; or to find themselves a soul-mate, or even batter, a lover. To the people who are still lonely (including me) in this cruel and unfair world, where they have done their best but still haven’t got anyone who can cure their soul, yet those who do nothing and still get what they want. Isn’t it unfair? Since when our world has become a crazy world filled with stupid and good-for-nothing people like this? When will the scientists find the answer for this damn society? When will… just kidding!! It was not a bad joke, was it? Okay, let’s get back to the topic! We have gone so far. Anyways, you also have to be careful, because you don’t always get the result that you like when using this web. It may become a counteraction. There is a time when a son and his mother chatted with each other, which neither of them, naturally, know absolutely nothing about that fact. So, in the end, when they find out about it, you must have imagined how awkward it became, right? Just look at the picture below!

When I looked at this picture, I was rolling on the floor laughing (ROFL). Oh my god! What a damn funny coincidence (lol)!! Anyways, just be careful so that you won’t get in the same situation like them (actually, please do so because I like to see how it will look like_ me thinking while whistling).

So, this can, indeed, also count as a stress-relieving method, can’t it. While living in this society, where everyday may become boring because it has been repeated again, again, again, and again, we need some moment like this, right? And because of that, let’s use this website. Together, we will… Opps, I did it again. Sorry, I mean that we should use this website to make our life more enjoyable and to make all of our stress disappear. Ah, this may look like an ad, but it’s actually not one. So, just use it, everyone. You will eventually become fond of it like me. Okay, I will bid you guys goodbye here. Adiós everyone. See you again!!

Name: Lê Khắc Bình

ID: BAIU08086